Ugadi (Gudi Padwa)

Gudi Padwa

Gudi Padwa

Gudi Padwa (Ugadi)

13, April, 2021, Tuesday

Gudi Padwa marks the 1st day of the Chaitra month of the Hindu calendar called Samvatsar Padvo too. For the population of Maharashtra and the Konkan region, it is the first day of the year.

What is Gudi Padwa or Ugadi?

GudiPadwa derives its name from two words: ‘gudi,’ meaning Lord Brahma’s flag or symbol, and ‘padwa,’ meaning the moon phase’s first day.

Lord Brahma had formed the universe on the day of Gudi Padwa. Lord Brahma created days, weeks, months, and years on this day. Ugadi is the first day of the creation of the universe, and, for this reason, on GudiPadwa, Lord Brahma gets worshipped.

Why Is GudiPadwa (Ugadi) Celebrated?

There are many legendary stories about Gudi Padwa or Ugadi.

Ugadi Legend Story-1

The Brahma Purana, one of the holiest texts of the Hindus, notes that after a raging deluge in which all time had paused, and all the earth inhabitants got extinct, Lord Brahma recreated the world. On GudiPadva, time restarted and the age of truth and justice (known as Satyug) began from this day on. Lord Brahma is, therefore, worshipped on this day.

Ugadi Legend Story-2

Another story is Lord Rama’s return from exile to Ayodhya with his wife, Sita, and Laxman. In remembrance of Lord Rama’s coronation, the ‘Brahmadhvaj’ or ‘the Banner of Brahma’ (other names for the Gudi) gets hoisted.

In commemoration of the Gudi, hoisted in Ayodhya as a victory flag, the Gudi gets hoisted at the household entrance. On this day, Lord Rama gets believed to have been triumphant over King Bali, marking this day.

Ugadi Legend Story-3

There’s another historical sense of Gudi, however. History shows that Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj defeated the Mughals and liberated the state’s people from the Mughals’ rule. It is one of the main reasons why, on this day, Maharashtra residents hoist Gudi. It got assumed that the flag prohibits some evil from entering housing premises.

How Is Gudi Padwa Celebrated?

The Gudi marks by buying a bright green or yellow silken cloth and attaching it to a long bamboo stick with a zari brocade. Then neem leaves, gathi (a sweet Maharashtrian preparation), a garland of red or yellow flowers, and a twig of mango leaves are also tied on top of the cloth. This stick gets topped off with an inverted silver or copper pot with the different ornaments. The Gudi gets placed at the house entrance.

A ritualistic oil bath is said to begin the day. In North India, on the same day, the nine-day Chaitra Navaratri festival begins.

The ingestion of neem leaves is another unique activity which forms part of the celebrations. These are taken directly or ground into a paste and used in a special preparation, jaggery, and other seeds. The importance of marking the start of the festivities lies in this tradition.

Exceptional food, including a sweet dish known as Shrikhand, which gets consumed with Indian bread known as Poori, are prepared on this day. Other uniquemeals include the sweet Indian flatbread, Soonth Panak and Chana, also known as Pooran Poli.

Importance of Rangoli in GudiPadwa

During auspicious Hindu festivals, Rangoli is one of the most common and quintessentially Indian ways of decorating the home. The Gudi groundgets adorned with an elaborate Rangoli made using powdered dye, flowers and petals, and in the households celebrating this festival is a much anticipated practice.

There is no apparent motive for the Rangoli that GudiPadva warrants. Therefore, in whatever combination they choose, artists have the right to use a variety of motifs. It can vary from geometric designs, motifs influenced by nature and human figures to more religiously important and auspicious symbols such as the kalash, swastika with the four dots, om, mangal, Ashoka tree leaves, a lighted lamp, the lotus and many others. The rangoli’s beautiful colours and the flowers used in its making reflect the splash of colors and life it brings this season.

Gudi Padwa Attire

Since the significant celebration of Gudi Padwa takes place in Maharashtra, the attire worn by people, especially women, is very traditional in the region. The saree drapes appear more like dhoti pants than a long skirt in the bottom half, which could be in several bright colors. The sarees generally have gold embellishments at the boundary, while the remainder of the sarees are white, i.e. without any pattern.

This outfit accessorizes a garland of mogra flowers in the hair tied into a bun and an intricate gold nose ring. Even the earrings are gold, pinned to the hair with a single ornamental chain. Some men and women also tie a turban around their heads in a saffron-coloured cotton fabric.

Gudi Padwa or Ugadi Celebrated in Which State?

Gudi Padwa or Ugadi is majorly celebrated in the states Maharashtra, Goa, Andra Pradesh, Karnataka and Telangana. In first two given states this festival of new year is celebrated with the name ‘Gudi Padwa‘ and with the name ‘Ugadi‘ in rest three states.

You can check the List of Indian Festivals Celebrated in these states by clicking on the link given below:-

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