What is Eid ul Adha / Bakrid ?
There are two most prominent festivals in Islam, Eid-ul-Fitr and Eid-ul-Adha. Eid-ul-Fitr intends the Holy month of Ramadan on which Muslims observe fast. Eid-ul-Adha is another essential festival Which means the completion of the annual hajj pilgrimage. In Eid-al-Adha, there is no practice of fasting; it is a day of sacrificing. Although it does not indicates the completion of hajj directly but a day after the end of it has a great significance in time. It honours the great willingness of Ibrahim who wanted to sacrifice his son for the steady obedience toward God, but before he could do that God sent a goat to surrender instead. To commemorate this act, Muslims sacrifice an animal ritually. Eid-ul-Adha is also known as Eid-al-Adha or Bakrid or Bakra Eid.
When is Eid ul Adha Celebrated? ( Bakrid Kab Hai )
It is a celebration of four-day long—this religious holiday begins on the third day of the annual Hajj. Eid-ul-Adha/Bakrid falls on the tenth day in the final month of the Islamic Lunar calendar. The day of the main celebration depends on an allowable sighting of the moon. By following the completion of the annual Hajj, the twelfth and final month in the Islamic calendar it starts. The day of Eid-al-Adha does not remain the same between all countries. Because of its standing on the lunar calendar.
To know when is Eid-ul-Adha this year check All Indian Festivals Calendar.
What is the other name of Eid-al-Adha: It is known differently in countries. The other name of it is Eid-ul-Adha, Id-ul-Zuha, Hari Raya Haji or Bakr-id, the feast of sacrifices, Eid Qurban.
Al Eid Al Kabeer is the other name of this festival which means the ‘Grand Eid.’
Why is Eid ul Adha/Bakrid Celebrated ?
Eid-ul-Adha is based on a historical story of Ibrahim (As). One night Ibrahim (As) experienced a dream, in which Allah ordered him to sacrifice his beloved son Ismail (AS). After waking up from his dream, he thought that was a naughty trick by devil on him. So Ibrahim(AS)disregarded it immediately and did not take the thought seriously. But the following night again, he dreamt the same dream where Allah was yet commanding him to do the same. That time Ibrahim (AS) could realize that this was not a false dream, in fact, a message from Allah.
Though Ibrahim (AS) loved his son, he prepared himself to follow Allah’s order. He, along with his son, went to the top of Mount Arafa. For sacrificing his son, Ibrahim(As) also brought rope and knife with him. After reaching the appropriate place, he told his son about his dream and Allah’s command upon him. As an obedient son Ismail(AS) agreed to sacrifice himself for the sake of Allah. He told his father to tie his legs and hands so that he may not struggle. He also said that his father might have blindfold himself so that he does not see he suffer. Then Ibrahim(AS) blindfolded himself as Ismail(AS) said. After that, he did as Allah commanded him and closed the blindfold upon his eye. There was a great surprise for him when he saw a dead ram body instead of his son. Ismail (AS) was completely alright standing next to him. Ibrahim (AS) thought at first that he had committed a mistake, but after hearing the voice of a mighty god, he got relief. Allah told him not to worry and look after his followers. That was a miracle, and they had passed a difficult test from Allah.
How is Eid ul Adha/Bakrid Celebrated ?
Based on the Hanafi school of Islamic fiqh
There are two Rakat(singular is Raka) in Eid-al-Adha prayer. Only the difference has consisted in the way of prayer this prayer and any other prayer of two Rakat. Behind the Imam for Eid prayer along with six additional Takbirs of doing two units are here.
- When the Imam Said “Allahu Akbar” for the first time, you need to raise your hands and follow. Generally, this is the first Takbir of the prayer.
- Before Imam starts reciting Quran, there will be three Takbirs. Whenever Imam says ‘Allahu akbar” you should raise your hand then put them on your side.
- After the third Takbir, the Imam will start reciting the Quran. Here You should put your hands on your chest1, where your right hand will on the top of the left.
- The Imam will recite the Surah Al Fateha then another one. In this state, you should listen to his recitation carefully.
- Go into Ruku when the Imam says “Allahu Akbar”.
- When the Imam says Sami Allahu liman Hamida you should stand up straight and say Rabbana lakal Hamd.
- After that Imam will say “Allahu Akbar” then go into sujud. There you should complete two prostrations as in common prayer.
- Here the Imam will recite Surah Al Fateha then another Surah.
- Then before going into Ruku, there will be three takbirs. You need to follow the Imam by raising your hands after each “Allahu akbar”. When you will finish the third Takbir go into Ruku.
- Straightly stand up when the Imam says Sami Allahu liman Hamidah, then say in a low voice Rabbana Lakal Hamd.
- Then you should do two prostrations when the Imam Says “Allahu Akbar”.
- Next, you need to sit for the complete Tashahud.
- After the Imam finishes the prayer by turning his face first to the right and saying “Assalamualaikum wa Rahmatullah”. Then he will do the same to his left. Here everything you should follow.
Allahu Akbar. Allahu Akbar. La ilaha illa Liah. Wa Liahu Akbar. Allahu Akbar. Wa liLiahi-Hamd.
“Allah is the Greatest. Allah is the Greatest. There is no God accept Him. And Allah is the Greatest. Allah is the Greatest. And to Allah belongs all praise.”
Eid-ul-Adha is a great festival for Muslims. People who have enough ability must attend the pilgrimage Hajj. On this day, Muslims sacrifice animals for honouring Allah. Eid-al-Adha prayer is an obligatory act of Islam. Historically and traditionally, it has enriched the Muslim nation.