What is Diwali or Dipawali ?
India has many cultural festivals which are enriched with richness. Diwali is one of the best splendor festivals. It is a festival of light and joy, and every year people celebrate it with a new desire. The festival comes with new begging and destroys all darkness from society. Diwali is also known as Dipawali or Deepavali or Dipavali or Deepawali. The inner meaning of Dipawali has an extreme significance, and it supposes the rows of light. People make a cup-shaped lamp and pour oil on it then inflame it with lots of hope. The historical significance of it is related to Hindu mythology. Street, house, shop, market place, office everywhere people inflame Diya, and the entire country looks like a land of light. Here some features of Diwali for you to know about the festival.
When is Diwali Celebrated ? ( Diwali Kab Hai )
According to Hindu Calendar, Diwali comes on Purnimanta – Amavasya of Kartik month (Krishna Paksha) or
Amanta – Amavasya of Ashwin month (Krishna Paksha). This festival is mostly celebrated in the time between October and November. But every year the specific date of its celebration changes. It is celebrated throughout the world in five days. In the Hindu lunar calendar, it is one the most important chapter for celebrating.
To know when is Diwali in this year you can see All Indian Festivals Calendar.
Where does the name Diwali come from ?
Basically the word Diwali has come from Sanskrit word Deepavali or Dipawali. We know Diwali is an ancient festival almost before the birth of Jesus Christ; it appeared. The word Deepavali means the rows of light. As this festival shows the triumph of good over evil, the joy of light so, in every place like houses, shops, and public places are decorated with lots of oil lamps (Diya).Fireworks and sweets are the two most important activities on this day.
Why we celebrate Diwali or Dipavali ?
We celebrate Dipavali luxuriously, and there are some reasons behind it, and that is on this date, Rama-Chandra returns his land after fourteen years of exile with his people. In his exile, he fought against the demon king Ravana who kept Rama-chandra’s wife Sita forcefully. Up to the mark, this the main reason we celebrate Diwali.
Historically Dipavali is an ancient festival of India. Mostly it started as a festival of harvest, but inside it, there are lots of legend figures, and they enriched its meaning. As above, we can know about Lord Rama-chandra’s story now we will know some other legendary. Many people believe that it is a celebration of the marriage of Goddess Lakshmi, who is the goddess of wealth. In Bengali mythology, they immolated the festival in the name of their mother, Kali. The dark goddess Kali is the symbol of strength. Lord Ganesha is also worshiped on this day in many Hindu’s homes. The elephant-headed god is the symbol of wisdom and suitability. It is also celebrated as a sign of the defeat of Mahishasura.
How Is Diwali or Deepavali Celebrated ?
Deepavali is a five-day-long festival. Before many days of Deepavali, people start cleaning and decorating their houses. I include the five day’s activities in bellow.
- Day first: On the first day, people usually go for shopping, and they buy gold and silver specifically.
- Day Second: The second day is used for cleaning and decorating the house.
- Day Third: The third day is the main day of this festival. On this day, people set the fire on a cup-lamp(Diya). Street, home, office, shop everywhere there are lights. After the festival at night, people have a fest of meeting with friends and relatives.
- Day fourth: This is the day of husband and wife. Spouses spend their time together and exchange gifts.
- Day fifth: Sibling day is known as the fifth day. Brothers and sisters spend a joyous moment in this day.
Tradition of Divali
- Lots of light and laps are glazed on the outside and inside the home.
- People visit their friends and family and take care of them.
- Legendary gods are being worshiped on this day.
- Fireworks and festivities are mingled spontaneously.
Foods of Divali
As Indian people are food lover, there are many variations and specialty in their food. People arrange various delicious food and sweets on Divali Festival. Some food lists of it for you are mentioned.
- Mithai: Mithai is a little different from desert and candies usually.there are many kinds of mithai in India; actually Indian people love to eat sweets.
- Snakes: Masala tea, vegetable pakora, potato puri, paratha and there are many other snakes they make on this day
- Halwa: There are two kinds of halwa, first is Gajar Halwa, and the second is pumpkin halwa. Basically, they are made with grated vegetables and cooked with ghee. Sugar and milk are also used for making the desert soft and thick. Cardamon, nuts are also used for a sweet flavor.
- Laddu: This sweet little ball is made with flour and cooked with ghee or oil. For getting a variation, often sugar, nuts, and vegetables are used.
- Barfi: This is one kind of soft sweet made with condensed milk and other sweet ingredients only.
- Gulab jamun: This scones type sweet is prepared by sinking on the sugar syrup.
Definition Of Diwali For Different Religions
Different opinion is enclosed on this event differently.
Hindu religion has evidence of returning Rama and Sita after 14 years of exile. The mother Goddess Durga destroyed Mahishasura on this day, so this is also a religious view.
Sikhs also celebrate this day in commemorating the release of the Sixth Guru Har Gobind Singh from prison in 1619. The difference is here Sikhs celebrate the festival before this date.
The foundation of the Golden Temple in Amritsar which was made of gold on the Diwali date in 1577 is also the reason for celebrating Diwali
Jains also celebrate the day as a symbol of reaching a state called Moksha.
So the festival of joy and light is called Diwali. Diwali is not only a festival but also a sign. A sign of the triumph of good over evil power. The light of it refers to the destruction of darkness from society. People lit Diya everywhere for illuminating.